Historic And Social Development



Coventry's Two-Tone band, The Specials.

Caribbean people arrived in England with Ska music as part of their cultural baggage. Coventry black youth, with their white counterparts, start a universal music trend with its label Two-Tone. They would sign many bands which reflected the message of Two-Tone. The English Beat as a band was part of that racial mix message.

Apart from its rich historical past, Coventry like most of the UK has witnessed some turbulent social changes, most of which have disturbingly negative for the African Caribbean communities. However, there have also been many features regarded as positive as found in the city's struggle with a multicultural image. There are those who believe generally that we live in such a society and that the UK can set an example to world in this social development. Some argue on the basis of the impact on the British way of life that black people have made, especially in the area of music and culture, while other other's emphasis the influence of language, attitudes, and ideas about the nature of community itself.

There are yet still others who draw reference to Roman Britain under the governorship of Septimus Severus, a black African educated in Europe, who during his military service defeated the Caledonians or Scots as they known now. He commanded the Garrison at Hadrian's Wall, and died later at York. Or the Phoenicians who mined copper and tin in Devon and Cornwall, to Queen Charlotte, wife of King George the 3rd. All speak of an early engagement of blacks in Britain. Who so ever may seek a positive viewpoint regarding the role of blacks in the UK is able too within material available to us today.


Blacks have been in England since Roman times. Septimus Severus commanded the English Garrison, and Queen Charlotte (below) was the wife of King George III. She was the great-grandmother of of George IV

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