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George Padmore Has been called the father of African Emancipation, C.L.R. James said it's a title he, more than anyone else is entitled to. Padmore was born in Trinidad and was a boyhood friend of James, with whom he used to go swimming during the holidays. They were to meet again in London in the thirties, this meeting proved instrumental for the liberation of a number of British African Colonies. James had started the International African Service Bureau, and brought out a weekly newspaper which championed Africa's cause. This was to prove invaluable as James and Padmore were already working for Africa's independence at a time when few could envisage it. Padmore went to Moscow to head the Commitern Colonial desk but left when the Soviets asked him to support France and Britain, the main colonial powers. He made his way across a Europe that was headed for war, and fell into the clutches of the Gestapo of Nazi Germany, from whom he managed to escape and make his way back to England. There is much that is obscure about this, but a Doctoral candidate Maria Van Eckenberk who's thesis is on Padmore, currently residing and working in St Martin, hopes to add much to the information that we currently possess. Padmore, on his return to London, reorganised James' International Friends for Africa Overseas, and formed it into the African Service Bureau, he began to take over the editorship of the newspaper. When James left for the United States in 1938, Padmore was left to head both and proved an immensely capable organiser. He was instrumental in organising the fifth Pan-African Congress, which was held at Manchester England in 1945. James meanwhile found Kwame Nkrumah, while in America, and sent him to Padmore with an introduction letter which told Padmore, "Here is a young African who does not seem very bright, See what you can do with him and help him along, for he is determined to kick the British and the rest of them out of Africa." James said, when he said Kwarme was not bright he meant he was not versed in anti-imperialism, for Nkrumah at the time possessed his PhD, while James had not studied at a university. Padmore took Nkrumah under his wing and began to groom him. When the Second World War was over, they were prepared to embark on the implementation of their plans, to lead Ghana to independence. Padmore and Nkrumah implemented their plans which were specifically tailored to Ghana's situation, to win power, but to do so without giving Britain an excuse to use military force to maintain colonial power. Their plans were judiciously put in place with Padmore guiding Nkrumah at every stage, until power was finally wrestled from the British. But it was not easy and not without danger, Nkrumah was jailed for a period of time, and had to be freed. Ghana's independence was due to the legwork of Nkrumah, and the brains of Padmore. But they planned more, they planned for the quick liberation of all colonial Africa. While they did not achieve this. By Ghana becoming the first African country to free itself from colonial power, they heralded the independence of Colonial Africa. Padmore lived out his life in Ghana, and was given a state funeral when he died.